Kaswanto, Arifin HS, Munandar A, and Iiyama K 2008. Sustainable water management in rural landscape of Cianjur Watershed, Cianjur District, West Java, Indonesia. The International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences (ISSAAS) J. Japan. Vol. 4(1): 33 – 45

SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE RURAL LANDSCAPE OF CIANJUR WATERSHED, CIANJUR DISTRICT, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

Kaswanto 1), Hadi Susilo Arifin 1), Aris Munandar 1), Kenji Iiyama 2)

1) Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), 2) The University of Tokyo

ABSTRACT
Research on water management in rural landscape of Cianjur Watershed was conducted in the period of dry season. Five villages were selected as the study site. They located in the upper stream area (Galudra Dua Hamlet), the middle stream area (Burangkeng and Gasol Satu Hamlet), and the lower stream area (Sayang and Cibakung Hamlet). A survey method was used in order to find out water quality and quantity, and its management. Water resources from ponds, wells, rivers, paddy fields and springs were analyzed chemically and physically. Water qualities changed and were significantly different decrease along Cianjur River and accumulated in down stream area. Water utilization in rural landscape indicated optimal improvement of human activity and agricultural production through to land use changing. Land use disturbance were predicted related to water quality, and urban land use affected rural areas negatively. Examining of pond characteristics were a best estimates for entire watershed area. The result on water cycle in the pekarangan was elucidated to find out the management, its availability and the role in the village’s ecosystem.

Keywords: pekarangan, rural landscape, watershed, water management, water quality.