The 8th IALE World Congress 18 – 23 August, 2011, Beijing, China


Title of presentation:

Robert Costanza
Landscapes for sustainable well-being of humans and the rest of nature.

Richard Forman
Landscape Ecology Principles Incorporated into Other Fields for Solutions on the Land

Bojie Fu
Landscape Ecology for Sustainable Environment.

Joan Nassauer
Ecological design: Marking landscapes to protect ecosystem services

Paul Opdam
Planning for landscape services: linking human benefits to landscape systems

Gloria Pungetti
Biocultural diversity for sustainable cultural, sacred and ecological landscapes

Jianguo Wu
The State-of-the-Art of Urban Landscape Ecology: Key Issues and Future Directions


Robert Costanza
Dr. Robert Costanza is University Professor of Sustainability and Director, Institute for Sustainable Solutions at Portland State University ( Before moving to PSU in Sept. 2010, he was the Gund Professor of Ecological Economics and director of the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at the University of Vermont ( Before Vermont, he was on the faculty at LSU and Maryland. Dr. Costanza is also currently a Distinguished Research Fellow at Ecological Economics Research center New Zealand (EERNZ), Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand, a Senior Fellow at the National Council on Science and the Environment, Washington, DC, and a Senior Fellow at the Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm, Sweden.
Dr. Costanza received BA and MA degrees in Architecture and a Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering Sciences (Systems Ecology with Economics minor) all from the University of Florida..
Dr. Costanza’s transdisciplinary research integrates the study of humans and the rest of nature to address research, policy and management issues at multiple time and space scales, from small watersheds to the global system. Dr. Costanza is co-founder and past-president of the International Society for Ecological Economics, and was chief editor of the society’s journal, Ecological Economics from its inception in 1989 until 2002. He is founding co-editor (with Karin Limburg) of Ecological Economics Reviews. He currently serves on the editorial board of ten other international academic journals. He is also founding editor in chief of Solutions ( a new hybrid academic/popular journal.
His awards include a Kellogg National Fellowship, the Society for Conservation Biology Distinguished Achievement Award, a Pew Scholarship in Conservation and the Environment, the Kenneth Boulding Memorial Award for Outstanding Contributions in Ecological Economics, and an honorary doctorate in natural sciences from Stockholm University.
Dr. Costanza is the author or co-author of over 400 scientific papers and 22 books. His work has been cited in more than 6000 scientific articles and he has been named as one of ISI’s Highly Cited Researchers since 2004. More than 200 interviews and reports on his work have appeared in various popular media.
Specialties: transdisciplinary integration, systems ecology, ecological economics, landscape ecology, ecological modeling, ecological design, energy analysis, environmental policy, social traps, incentive structures and institutions

Richard T. T. Forman
Richard T. T. Forman is the PAES Professor of Landscape Ecology at Harvard University, where he teaches ecological courses in the Graduate School of Design and in Harvard College. His primary scholarly interest is linking science with spatial pattern to interweave nature and people on the land. Often considered to be a father of landscape ecology and also of road ecology, he helps catalyze the emergence of urban-region ecology and planning. Other research interests include changing land mosaics, conservation and land use planning, and urban ecology. He received a Haverford College B.S., University of Pennsylvania Ph.D., honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Miami University, and honorary Doctor of Science from Florida International University. He formerly taught at Rutgers University and the University of Wisconsin, and received the Lindback Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching. He served as president or vice-president of three professional societies, and has received awards and honors in France, Colombia, England, Italy, China, Czech Republic, Australia, and the USA. Internationally, he catalyzes the flow of ideas in ecological science and related fields for society, in addition to deciphering the widespread patterns of nature. Professor Forman has authored numerous articles, and his books include Landscape Ecology (1986), the award-winning Land Mosaics (1995), Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-use Planning (1996), Road Ecology (2003), Mosaico territorial para la region metropolitana de Barcelona (2004), and Urban Regions: Ecology and Planning Beyond the City (2008).

Bojie Fu
Dr. Bojie Fu is a professor of Landscape Ecology in the Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He got his Ph.D degree in Physical Geography from Peking University and post-doctoral research in Belgium. His main academic achievements focus on landscape pattern and ecological processes, ecosystem services and assessment. More than 300 papers and 8 books have been published, with about 100 in the international journals, including Science. His academic work has pushed forward the development of landscape ecology in China. In addition, He is an Executive Board member of International Association for Ecology (INTECOL), Vice President of International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) , Vice Chairman of International Long-term Ecosystem Research Network (ILTER).The member of Steering Committee of the Global Climate Change Adaptation Network in Asia-Pacific Region, Consultative Group member of the Intergovernmental science-policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services (IPBES) of UNEP , Chairman of IALE-China, Vice Chairman of Scientific Committee of Chinese Ecosystem Research Network (CERN), editorial board members of international journals of Landscape Ecology and Landscape & Urban Planning and editor in chief of Chinese Geographical Science.

Joan Iverson Nassauer
Joan Nassauer is a Professor of Landscape Architecture in the School of Natural Resources & Environment, University of Michigan. Her work investigating public acceptance and cultural sustainability of ecological design offers strategies for basing design and planning on strong science, interdisciplinary collaboration, and creative engagement with policy. She shows how to develop and use ecological design strategies in metropolitan settings in Placing Nature (Island Press 1997) and in rural landscapes in From the Corn Belt to the Gulf (Resources for the Future Press 2007). Currently she is applying this approach to post-industrial urban landscapes and exurban sprawl. The US-International Association for Landscape Ecology named Nassauer Distinguished Landscape Ecologist in 2010 and Distinguished Practitioner in 1998. In 2007, IALE named her Distinguished Scholar. A Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects and the Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture, Nassauer was elected first Secretary of the US National Academy of Environmental Design in 2009.

Paul Opdam
Prof. Paul Opdam occupies the landscape in spatial planning chair at Wageningen University (Land use planning group) and is also senior researcher at ALTERRA research institute, which is part of Wageningen University Research center, The Netherlands. Educated as an animal ecologist he became involved in the early days of landscape ecology. He pioneered in studies on fragmentation and biodiversity, and developed an approach based on the emerging theory of metapopulations to build in population ecology into the spatial approach of landscape ecology. Between 1986 and 2001 he was the head of the landscape ecology department of the Institute of Forestry and Nature Research, which became part of ALTERRA. In this group experimental, theoretical and modelling approaches were integrated to develop methodology and guidelines to incorporate biodiversity in spatial planning. This work provided a scientific basis for the planning of ecological networks. He became a professor in landscape ecology at Wageningen University in 2000. Since then, he developed new themes of research aiming to bridge the gap between ecology and collaborative planning and design. Together with colleagues, he developed an approach to involve stakeholders in the design of ecological networks, which has been applied in various countries in Europe. Recent work includes contributions to incorporate and operationalize the sustainability concept in landscape ecology, multifunctional design of greenblue networks, adaptation of landscape networks to climate change, and the impact of landscape ecological knowledge into societal decision making. His work has had a significant impact on the development of Dutch Nature and landscape policies.

Gloria Pungetti
Gloria Pungetti is Research Director of the Cambridge Centre for Landscape and People (CCLP) and Chair of the Darwin College Society at the University of Cambridge, UK. She also sits on the Board of Research Trusts and IUCN Specialist Groups, and is member of IALE. After graduating cum laude in Architecture in Florence, IT, she specialised in Landscape Design and Planning and Landscape Ecology in Milan, IT, and Wageningen, NL. She received her PhD in Landscape Research from the University of Cambridge, followed by several post-graduate and executive education diplomas and awards.
She has developed a holistic approach to landscape research that links nature with culture and academia with government world-wide, producing numerous papers and reports in different languages on landscape and nature conservation, and 12 books among which are Ecological Landscape Design and Planning; Ecological Networks and Greenways; Mediterranean Island Landscapes Natural and Cultural Approaches; European Culture Expressed in Agricultural Landscapes.
Gloria has coordinated pioneering projects, conferences and courses under the European Commission, Governments, UN and IARU on landscape history, planning and policy; landscape ecology; landscape natural, cultural and spiritual heritage; traditional knowledge and human rights. Among these are the EC funded projects ECOnet on European ecological networks, Eucaland on European cultural heritage in agricultural landscapes, and a division of MEDALUS on Mediterranean desertification and landuse.
Her mission to support biocultural diversity with the awareness, understanding and respect of landscape and nature led her to found CCLP ( with the goal of integrating the spiritual and cultural values of land and local communities into landscape planning, nature conservation and sustainable development. Within this mission she is currently chairing four global initiatives: Sacred Species and Sites (IUCN/WWF); The Right to Landscape (IFLA/AI); Coastal Natural and Cultural Heritage (MATTM/UNEP/IUCN); Research Methods (MIUR/UCAM).

Jianguo Wu
Dean Distinguished Professor of Landscape Ecology and Sustainability Science, in the School of Life Sciences & Global Institute of Sustainability Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA. B.S. in biology from Inner Mongolia University in 1982 and M.S. and Ph.D. in ecology from Miami University in 1991. National Science Foundation (NSF) postdoctoral fellow at Cornell University (1991-1992) and Princeton University (1992-1993). Current research areas: landscape ecology, urban ecology, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and sustainability science. Authored/edited 10 books and more than 170 journal articles and book chapters. Editor-in-Chief of Landscape Ecology, and Editorial Board member for several other international journals. Program Chair of the US Association for Landscape Ecology (US-IALE) in 2001; Councilor-at-Large of US-IALE (2001-2003); Chair of Asian Ecology Section of Ecological Society of America (1999-2000); US Environmental Protection Agency Board of Scientific Counselors (Ecological Research Subcommittee, 2005-2006); Recipient of the 2006 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Award for International Scientific Cooperation; Elected AAAS Fellow in 2007; Named a Leopold Leadership Fellow in 2009; Recipient of the Distinguished Landscape Ecologist Award in 2010, US Association for Landscape Ecology.

Founding Director of the Sino-US Center of Conservation, Energy and Sustainability Science (SUCCESS) –a joint research center established by Inner Mongolia University and Arizona State University in 2007. Distinguished Guest Professor at Beijing Normal University, Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Inner Mongolia University, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, and Zhejiang University; Guest Professor at Beijing University, East China Normal University, Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Ningxia University.